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Articles on this Page
- 04/08/15--01:04: _Walter Scott's Death
- 04/08/15--08:28: _#ThisGeneration
- 04/08/15--09:47: _Doug Dimmadome
- 04/08/15--10:10: _Onii-Chan
- 04/08/15--10:39: _Regional Gothic
- 04/08/15--14:10: _Sad Puppies
- 04/08/15--09:38: _Todd Howard
- 04/09/15--07:16: _Ebin
- 04/09/15--09:41: _Walruse
- 04/09/15--14:11: _#ApologizeGCMP11
- 04/09/15--14:11: _Someone who doesn't...
- 04/10/15--06:42: _Master Sword
- 04/10/15--08:37: _Kim Possible
- 04/10/15--11:18: _Sexual Lobster
- 04/10/15--11:35: _Oxford Comma
- 04/10/15--13:24: _Goth
- 04/10/15--19:40: _Lolcow
- 04/10/15--19:55: _ROM Hacking
- 04/11/15--14:38: _Western Anime
- 04/11/15--16:52: _Squad
- 04/08/15--01:04: Walter Scott's Death
- 04/08/15--08:28: #ThisGeneration
- 04/08/15--09:47: Doug Dimmadome
- 04/08/15--10:10: Onii-Chan
- 04/08/15--10:39: Regional Gothic
- 04/08/15--14:10: Sad Puppies
- 04/08/15--09:38: Todd Howard
- 04/09/15--07:16: Ebin
- 04/09/15--09:41: Walruse
- 04/09/15--14:11: #ApologizeGCMP11
- 04/09/15--14:11: Someone who doesn't watch X explain this
- 04/10/15--06:42: Master Sword
- 04/10/15--08:37: Kim Possible
- 04/10/15--11:18: Sexual Lobster
- 04/10/15--11:35: Oxford Comma
- The U.S. Government Printing Office
- The Oxford Style Manual
- The Chicago Manual of Style
- The Elements of Style
- The American Medical Association
- The Australian Government Publishing Service
- The Guardian
- The Economist
- The AP Stylebook
- The New York Times
- 04/10/15--13:24: Goth
- 04/10/15--19:40: Lolcow
- 04/10/15--19:55: ROM Hacking
- Super Mario Bros: The Lost Levels (ROM hack of Super Mario Bros. officially released by Nintendo)
- Super Mario Star Road (ROM hack of Super Mario 64)
- The Legend of Zelda: Parallel Worlds (ROM hack of The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past)
- Pokémon Liquid Crystal (ROM hack of Pokémon FireRed, designed as a fan remake of Pokémon Crystal)
- The All New Punch-Out!! (ROM hack of Mike Tyson’s Punch-Out!!)
- 04/11/15--14:38: Western Anime
- 04/11/15--16:52: Squad
Walter L. Scott was a 50-year-old African American Coast Guard veteran fatally shot by North Charleston police officer Michael T. Slager while fleeing after a brief tussle during a traffic stop in North Charleston, South Carolina on April 4th, 2015. Following the circulation of video footage showing the shooting in the U.S. news media, Slager was charged with murder on April 7th.
On April 4th, 2015, Walter L. Scott, a 50-year-old Coast Guard veteran and father of four children, was stopped by North Charleston Police Department Officer Michael T. Slager for having a broken taillight on his vehicle. According to the police reports, Scott fled from the routine stop, prompting the officer to chase him into a lot where he first attempted to subdue him with his electronic stun gun, which proved to be unsuccessful, then resorted to fire his weapon eight times, five of which struck Scott. Meanwhile, the shooting was captured on video by a bystander and provided to The Post and Courier and the New York Times for publication on April 7th (shown below).
Soon after the video clip and the news of the officer’s arrest began circulating online, the hashtag #WalterScott began trending worldwide on Twitter, garnering more than 313,320 mentions within the first 24 hours. In addition, the keyword “Walter Scott” topped Google’s Trending Searches chart with over 200,000 search queries for the day of April 7th.
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#This Generation is a parody photoshop fad based on a series of images created by Ajit Johnson Nirmal that illustrate the current generation’s dependence on technology. The series was criticised for being seen as a criticism for being born on a wrong generation.
The first images were created by London-based artist Ajit Johnson, where he illustrates the techological depence of the current generation. The images were featured on the website Distractify on March 31st, 2015, and on Johnson’s tumblr, getting over 140,000 notes in a week.
On April 6th, 2015, user MERYLimPeril uploaded to Imgur a variant of the image featuring diverse words and changing the bottom line for #YOURGeneration. On two days, the image recieved -8 points.
Johnson’s campaign has been seen criticised for the believe it was a generational criticism against the current generation. On April 7th, tumblr user in shepard we trust uploaded a version of the images that parodies the image series by claiming technology is bad (shown bellow), getting over 22,000 notes on a day.
Doug Dimmadome, owner of the Dimmsdale Dimmadome, is a memorable character from the Nickelodeon cartoon series The Fairly Odd Parents. He is easily recognizable with his stereotypical Texan garb, ten-gallon hat, and southern drawl. Online, he is mostly associated with reaction images, comparisons to people in real life with a similar style of clothing or hair, and phrases that excessively feature the prefix “Dimma” in them.
Doug first appeared in The Fairly Oddparents episode “Nectar of the Odds” which premiered on September 28, 2001 in Australia and September 13, 2002 in the United States. He would become a recurring character on the show, and an occasional antagonist. He would almost always be introduced with his memorable catch phrase “The name’s Doug Dimmadome, owner of the Dimmsdale Dimmadome!”
With The Fairly Oddparents being the second longest running cartoon on the popular Nickelodeon channel, the show and its memorable characters such as Doug Dimmadome became ingrained in the public’s consciousness. On social networking sites such as tumblr and twitter, posts containing reference to Doug Dimmadome are a regular occurrence, with some posts being widely shared.
“Onii-Chan” is a Japanese word for “older brother" commonly used by women to address men who are slightly older, often regardless of their blood relations. Online, the honorific label has garnered traction among non-Japanese Otakus as a term of endearment for attractive male characters in anime and manga series.
On October 18th, 2008, YouTuber Joey Wu uploaded a clip from the anime Clannad, in which a younger sister repeatedly calls her older brother “Onii-chan” (shown below, left). On October 15th, 2010, YouTuber Nazeem38 uploaded an audio clip of a user from 4chan’s /sp/ (sports) board who scolds viewers from the /a/ (anime) board for clicking an audio clip of a man saying the word “onii-chan” (shown below, right).
On March 2nd, 2012, YouTuber Punicher2191 uploaded a video titled “Now You Fucked Up Onii-Chan,” featuring a picture of the character Konata Izumi from the Japanese manga franchise Lucky Star with an edited clip from the “What Really Happened to Abe Lincoln” sketch from the comedy television program The Whitest Kids U’ Know playing in the background (shown below, left). On July 13th, YouTuber FluffyMixer uploaded a cartoon featuring characters from My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic with Punicher2191’s audio clip (shown below, right). Within three years, the video gained over 1.7 million views and 7,000 comments.
On November 9th, 2012, YouTuber Vio Deni uploaded a video titled “Onii-chan!!,” featuring a still image from the anime Onii-chan Dakedo Ai Sae Areba Kankeinai yo ne accompanied by a young girl’s voice repeating “Onii-chan” (shown below, left). On August 21st, 2013, YouTuber kingmanekin uploaded an autonomous sensory meridian response video, in which a female voice repeats the phrase “onii-chan” (shown below, right).
On August 14th, 2014, a Facebook page titled “Raep Me Onii-chan” was launched. On November 8th, Redditor rectalrocket42 submitted a post titled “who is the best ‘onii-chan’ in anime?” to the /r/anime subreddit. On December 15th, YouTuber PlayerJ uploaded an anime-themed Five Nights at Freddy’s 2 parody video in which a creepy voice can be heard saying “Onii-chan” in the background (shown below). As of April 2015, there are over 62,700 search results for the keyword “onii-chan” on the 4chan archive site Archive.moe.
Regional Gothic is the overarching name for a literary genre which applies the traditional Southern Gothic genre to other regions of the world such as states and cities. The genre became popular on Tumblr in early 2015.
Regional Gothic likely has its roots in the Southern Gothic subgenre of fiction, which uses unsettling events to explore social issues. While Southern Gothic, by its nature, has its events take place in the southern United States, Regional Gothic tends to focus on other areas of the world besides the South.
Regional Gothic became popular on Tumblr in March of 2015. Posts focusing around the genre use a very specific format, which consists of naming a location, then writing several short, bulleted paragraphs featuring vignettes focusing on horror in a specific region. Popular areas to portray include the New England and Great Lakes regions of the United States. Some popular posts include Midwest Gothic by sparklyandheroic which has over 8 thousand notes as of April 8, 2015 and Southern California Gothic by fanfoolishness and sharkodactyl at over 15 thousand notes as of April 8, 2015.
Sad Puppies is a recurring annual Internet campaign orchestrated by sci-fi writers Larry Correia and Brad R. Torgersen, which aims to get works of fiction on the ballots for the Hugo Awards ceremony that would typically be excluded due to the perceived liberal political biases of the World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon). In 2015, the campaign was criticized for gaming the Hugo nomination process and for promoting writers with homophobic ideologies.
The Hugo Awards is an annual awards ceremony named after the founder of the science fiction magazine Amazing Stories Hugo Gernsback, which honors notable science fiction and fantasy works of the previous year. In 1953, the first ceremony was held at the 11th Worldcon in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On January 8th, 2013, science fiction author Larry Correia published a blog post titled “How to get Correia nominated for a Hugo,” in which he accused the Hugo Awards of being a “popularity contest” and claimed he might be overlooked for writing “unabashed pulp action that isn’t heavy handed message fic.” On January 16th, Correira published a follow-up blog post featuring a picture of a sad-looking pug dog, which invited readers to help pulp novelists reach the ballot for the upcoming Hugo Awards.
On January 14th, 2014, YouTuber Steve Skojec uploaded a video titled “Sad Puppies,” which asked viewers to help “end puppy sadness” by voting for better books at Worldcon (shown below).
On March 25th, Correia released his slate for that year’s upcoming Huge Awards. On April 24th, Correia published a blog post titled “An explanation about the Hugo awards controversy,” in which he explained that the point of the Sad Puppies campaign was to expose political bias in the award ceremony:
1. I said a chunk of the Hugo voters are biased toward the left, and put the author’s politics far ahead of the quality of the work. Those openly on the right are sabotaged. This was denied.
2. So I got some right wingers on the ballot.
3. The biased voters immediately got all outraged and mobilized to do exactly what I said they’d do.
4. Point made.”
On February 1st, 2015, Torgersen published the Sad Puppies 3 slate for that year’s Hugo Awards. On February 5th, the conservative news site Breitbart published an article about Sad Puppies. On April 4th, the Hugo Awards announced the 2015 finalists, featuring many authors and works listed on the Sad Puppies slate. That day, critics of the campaign on Twitter accused Sad Puppies of supporting racist and homophobic authors (shown below).
News Media Coverage
On April 5th, 2015, The Daily Dot published an article about the Huge Award controversy, accusing Sad Puppies of gaming the ceremony and being a “Gamergate-affiliated campaign.” On the following day, The Telegraph, Entertainment Weekly, Salon, Slash Dot and io9 published articles about the scandal. On April 7th, Correia published a blog post criticizing the negative coverage, arguing that many of the sites had incorrectly described the Sad Puppies slate as being exclusively right wing, white, straight and male. The Entertainment Weekly article was subsequently updated with a correction, acknowledging that the site published an “inaccurate depiction” of the Sad Puppies voting slate and that it included “many women and writers of color.” On April 8th, the news sites The Federalist and The National Review published articles praising the Sad Puppies campaign.
The Daily Dot – How the Sad Puppies Internet campaign gamed the Hugo Awards
The Federalist – The Hugo Awards How to Fight Back in the Culture War
Todd Howard was born Lower Macungie Township, Pennsylvania in 1971. Todd Howard joined Bethesda Softworks in 1994. one of his first gaming projects was being the producer and designer for the 1995 FPS game The Terminator: Future Shock and The 1996 follow-up standalone game The Terminator: Skynet. Todd first began working with The Elder Scrolls since Arena which was released in 1994 and Daggerfall in 1996. He first started becoming project leader of the Elder Scroll series with The Elder Scrolls Adventures: Redguard which was released in 1998 and he has since became project leader of the franchise. He is also credited as the game director for Fallout 3 which received critical acclaim upon release in 2008.
Throughout his career, Todd Howard has receive much praise and criticism for his work. He was named 1 of the best game developers by IGN and one of the top 20 most influential game developers by Gamepro on March 7th, 2009. On May 12th, 2014, he was awarded the LARA of honor lifetime achievement award for his work and influence in the industry. 2 of his games (The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion and The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim) won the title of game of the year in the Spike Video Game Awards in 2006 and 2011 respectively while Skyrim also won the title of game of the year in the 2011 D.I.C.E Awards. Despite his reputation, Todd Howard has also received criticism primarily due to most of his games being bug ridden upon release and his tendency to lie in interviews regarding the features and state of his game projects.
Though Todd Howard does not personally have a social media account, several parody accounts of him can be found throughout the internet. On October 2011, a Todd Howard parody account was launch on twitter which aims to poke fun at the developer. As of April, 2015, the account has become inactive with over 1,500 followers. Todd Howard also has a topic page on Facebook, which as of April 2015 has 4,390 likes.
Todd the Liar
Todd the Liar is a nickname given to Todd Howard, due to him sometimes exaggerating the features of the upcoming games during the presentations, or features being cut from the release day. This has brought him the reputation among the fans of him being a bit of a liar has inspired them to make various pieces of media. Several notable videos feature a close-up picture of Todd Howard, constantly zooming in, with the song Little Lies by Fleetwood Mac being played in the background.
See That Mountain? You Can Climb It.
“See That Mountain? You Can Climb It.” is a quote associated with Todd Howard and the video game The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim. The quote originated from early Skyrim presentations during E3 2011, where the gameplay of Skyrim was shown. In several instances, Todd mentioned being able to climb or otherwise scale mountains you see, due to them not being simple background decorations. The quote became a popular subject of jokes, being mentioned or repeated on various forums and imageboards, and spawning several pieces of media.
Ebin, sometimes spelled Epin is an intentional misspelling of the word “epic”. Originally associated with 4chan’s /b/ board, it was later mutated and became associated with Spurdo Spärde alter ironic meme culture.
The term “epin” came about as a forced meme on 4chan’s /b/ board in 2009 as a shortened form of the phrase Epic Win.  It later caught on in popularity with the Finnish image board Kuvalauta in the form of “ebin”, a form of Spurdo Spärde-style intentional misspelling.
Several definitions for “epin” were created for Urban Dictionary in June 2009. An Encyclopedia Dramatica entry was created in 2011.
The use of “ebin” rose with the rise of ironic meme culture in 2014. On April 1, 2014, YouTube Herr uploaded a Baneposting-related video to their channel with the title “Ebin Meem Broseph”, this video has over 100,000 views as of April 2015. An Urban Dictionary definition was created in December 2014.
WORK IN PROGRESS.
Walruse refers to an image of a seal, often accompained with the phrase “you’ve been wal-rused”. It’s often used as a form of shitposting.
It comes from 4chan’s shitposting board [s4s], on late 2013.
On November 23rd, 2013, a subreddit is dedicated to walruse was created, gaining over 700 suscribers in less than two years.
The YouTuber Giancarloparimango11 has been in many controversies with other YouTubers, many calling him thief and other names. However, April 7th, 2015, a video called “The Truth About GCMP11 #ApologizeGCMP11” was uploaded to YouTube by the user Hoopa Unbound.
In this video, an ex-deviantart artist talked about the popular Poketuber Giancarloparimango11. Basically, in the video, she talked about GCMP11 performing multiple heinous acts against YouTubers and artists, like herself. She talks about a partnership he made with a YouTuber (called Ccal). Ccal only made two videos with GCMP11, Pokecraft: Episode 1, and Pokecraft: Episode 2. However, in total, the two videos accumulated more than two million views in total. Now, GCMP11 earned more than five thousand dollars for these two videos. GCMP11 promised to give Ccal seventy-five percent of the earnings made from Pokecraft: Episodes 1 and 2 to him. Now, after earning all that money, GCMP11 skyped an unpopular (at the time) YouTuber, TyranitarTube, who just so happened to be a big fan of GCMP11’s channel. GCMP11 skyped TyranitarTube, with a request. The request was that TyranitarTube photoshop the picture of GCMP11’s earnings, to make it seem like he only received a bit less than three hundred dollars, under the excuse that it was for a “joke”. TyranitarTube, being a big fan, happily agreed to do it, and he sent the photoshopped picture to GCMP11.
Now, GCMP11 sent this faked photo to Ccal, and told him that the earnings were too low to pay him. Then, there were photos of Ccal asking GCMP11 why he wouldn’t pay him, etc. On top of that, Hoopa Unbound explained that she had to quit being a DA artist because of what GCMP11’s fans did to her, calling her unoriginal, accusing her of stealing artwork, etc. In order for GCMP11 to be able to hide these things from the public eye, he deleted comments and tweets about the event that showed solid evidence against him, he made his photobucket private, and retweeted tweets defending him. She also sheds light on how Giancarloparimango11 sends his fans on hate brigades to beat other Poketubers when they cause a problem or argument with him. However, this hasn’t happened yet with Hoopa Unbound.
About a day later, GCMP11 posted a reaction video in an attempt to invalidate the claims made in Hoopa Unbound’s videos. Whether or not these claims are honest are to be disputed, but one major hole inside his reaction video that has been called out many times is that when the screenshot comes up where GCMP11 says it’s for a “joke”, he vehemently denies it, when the chat says it right there.
Then, a day after GCMP11’s reaction video, Ccal posted his own video, from his own perspective, which also contained some vital information to the argument. Two raw, unedited skype calls, which support his and Unbound Hoopa’s claims. GCMP11 has yet to respond to Ccal’s video.
“Someone who doesn’t watch X explain this”, can also be known as “someone explain this picture” it’s a phrase used by Tumblr user who post a picture of a scene, that it’s hard to understand out of context, which come from an animated series, TV show, or similar, and proceed to ask for an interpretation of said scene expecting a funny comment.
At November 12 of 2014, tumblr user “themaskednegro” posted an scene of a WWE match were the wrestler used an unnecessary amount of stairs, under the picture the user ask to someone who doesn’t watch wrestling explain that scene in which user “teadlek” answer with a fun comment describing the scene as “competitive light bulb replacement”
The original post could’t be found, but it’s capture at imgur has 5,251 points and 726,560 views
so far 
See more at know your meme
As the post gain popularity, many Tumblr user started to use their pictures of an scene hard to describe out of context and asked for someone who doesn’t watch said series explain it , by example, user madohomos posted a series of an scene of the animated series Steven Universe, and made the question expecting for an hilarious description from someone unfamiliar with the cartoon, the user susurrationofthewind provided an answer that had gave him more than ten thousand notes at the moment 
The Master Sword is an iconic weapon from The Legend of Zelda series. Being one of Link’s main weapon in several installments in the series, it has since gain popularity among fans of the series. Spawning discussions, fanart, mods and custom made replicas of the weapon.
The sword made its first appearance in The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past which was released in November 21st, 1991 in Japan and April 13th, 1992 in North America. According to the series lore, The Goddess Hylia created the weapon as The Goddess Sword so that her chosen hero can defeat Demise should he resurrect. When the blade was bathed in the three sacred flames, it was reforged as the master sword. The sword was ultimately embedded in a pedestal within the temple of time so that only the hero of time can claim the blade and unlock its full power.
Since A Link to the Past, the weapon has also appeared in other games of the series such as The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time (1998), The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker (2002), The Legend of Zelda: Twillight Princess (2006), The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword (2011) and The Legend of Zelda: A Link Between Worlds (2013).
On April 30th, 2004, Urban Dictionary user Guru Imakuni submitted an entry about the Master Sword, which he calls “Link’s final sword that hacks the shit out of anything in it’s path”. On March 6th, 2004, Nintendo World Report uploaded an article titled “Master Sword Forged” which talks about one of the site’s forum user named Paul Hantschel who owns a real life replica of the weapon (shown below) which was forged at Castle Keep, located in Scotland.
On Archive.moe which archives posts from 4Chan, typing the keyword “zelda master sword” on would result in more than 3.200 posts while typing the keyword “Master Sword” would result in more than 15.000 posts that are mostly about the weapon. On Deviantart, Typing the keyword “Master Sword” would yield more than 50.000 results that are mostly about the weapon while tying the keyword “Legend of Zelda Master Sword” would yield more than 11.000 results.
On August 5th, 2013, Youtube Webseries Man at Arms uploaded a video titled “Link’s Master Sword (Legend of Zelda)” in which host Tony Swatton forges a real life replica of the master sword (shown below left). As of April, 2015, the video has gathered more than 3 million views. On December 12th, 2014, Youtube personality Smosh uploaded a video titled “JUSTLIKELINK” which is a spoof commercial for the Master Sword (shown below right). As of April, 2015, the video has gathered more than 3 million views.
Master Sword Stabbing Incident
On March 2nd, 2014, local news site Click 2 Houston\ reported an incident that occurred in Harris County, Houston, Texas, where resident Eugene Thompson had a fight with his girlfriend’s estrange husband which led to Eugene stabbing the man 3 times in self defense using a replica Master Sword. The incident was covered in several other news sites such as Forbes, Independent, IGN, Kotaku, and The Huffington Post.
Click 2 Houston – Two men hospitalized after ‘Legend of Zelda’ sword stabbing
Kim Possible is an American animated Disney series created by Mark McCorkle and Bob Schooley, about the adventures of Kim Possible, a teenage crime fighter who has to deal with worldwide, family, and school issues every day.
The show follows Kimberly Ann “Kim” Possible (voiced by Christy Carlson Romano), a a fiery and demanding teenager who saves the world on a regular basis while dealing with the normal challenges of a teenager, along with her sidekick Ron Stoppable (voiced by Will Friedle), a clumsy, goofball teenager who owns a naked mole-rat named Rufus (voiced by Nancy Cartwright) and the help from Wade (voiced by Tahj Mowry), who often supplies her with gadgets and relies information to her. Together, they fight against villains, mainly Doctor Drakken (voiced by John DiMaggio) and his sidekick Shego (voiced by Nicole Sullivan), who often try to dominate the world.
According to the show creators, the original idea for the series came on a elevator conversation, where McCorkle looked at Schooley and said, “Kim Possible: she can do anything”. Schooley at once replied, “Her partner is Ron Stoppable: he can’t do anything”. The series official premiered on June 7, 2002 and ended production on February 22, 2005, after three seasons and 65 episodes, but due show’s popularity Disney announced the production of a fourth season on November, 2005. This season debuted on February 10, 2007 and ended on September 7, 2007, being the second longest running Disney Channel series in terms of duration, only after Phineas and Ferb.
Kim Possible’s first episode, Crush, was nominated to a Primetime Emmy Award on 2003. The years 2004 and 2005 the series was nominated for the Daytime Emmy, winning the Outstanding Sound Mixing -- Live Action and Animation award on 2005. Since its premiere, Kim Possible became one of the most watched and high-rated on Disney channel, earning a rating of 7,1 on IMDb.
The series gained some follow on websites like Tumblr, Reddit, Fanfiction.com or 4chan’s board /co/. There’s also an official wikia about the series. As April 10th, the online artist community DeviantART has over 25,700 submissions submitted under the keywords “kim possible”.
Sexual Lobster is the online handle of Australian Flash animator Chris Voigt. Since 2005, Voigt has maintained popularity on both Newgrounds and YouTube for his absurdist humor and memorable recurring characters.
Voigt uploaded his first animation to Newgrounds, Great Weed Drought of ’03, on June 20, 2005, where it won Daily Feature and Weekly 4th Place. On September 27, Voigt registered the domain name Greasymoose.com, where he would post the webcomic House of Squid. A compilation of several animated strips was uploaded to Newgrounds on November 4, 2006, which earned him his first Review Crew Pick.
Voigt created the SexuaLobster YouTube channel on May 23, 2006. In 2008, Voigt released several episodes of the Angry Dog series, which, over the course of its seven episodes, earned Voigt a streak of Daily Features. In 2010, Voigt uploaded Dance of the Manwhore to Newgrounds and YouTube, which over the next five years was jointly viewed over 3,500,000 times. Later videos in the of the Manwhore series have gained similar popualrity.
In 2013, Voigt teamed up with Machinima’s Happy Hour channel to produce several animated series such as Space Adventure Legend Quest, Ragemelon, and Raw Latex. On June 21, Voigt uploaded the animation Wrong Number to his YouTube and Newgrounds pages, where it became one of his most popular non-Manwhore animations with over one million views. In 2014, Voigt began the series Manwhore Industries, which features several of his recurring characters in an office setting.
Voigt’s animations are known for their many recurring characters. Older comics and animations notably featured the Mongoose Man, a scantily-dressed superhero with the powers of a mongoose, and Todd, a news anchor with a penchant for sexually harassing his female co-anchors as well as for wearing women’s underwear. More recent projects have notably featured Fernando the Manwhore, Gooseman, who often acts as a sort of straight man, and Randy, an unpassable transgender woman. Other recurring characters include Raptor Jesus, a washed-up version of of the superhero Captain Planet, and an animated version of Voigt himself.
Fernando the Manwhore is possibly Voigt’s most popular character, who appears as a flirtatious man with various interests, most notably sex and yogurt. He is often seen carrying a spear or riding a goat. Although Fernando appeared as early as 2005 in Great Weed Drought of ’03, his popularity rose with that of the of the Manwhore series.
The Oxford Comma, also known as a serial comma, is a comma that precedes the coordinating conjunction at the end of a series of three or more terms. The usage of the comma and its grammatical correctness is hotly debated among writers and editors, with many proponents advocating its ability to resolve ambiguity, while others deem it as superfluous and equally susceptible to ambiguity.
The Oxford comma was introduced in the 1905 edition of the Oxford University Press Style Guide, where it has remained intact since then.
Usage in English-Language Publications
On May 26th, 2008, the indie pop band Vampire Weekend released the track “Oxford Comma” as the third single from their debut album Vampire Weekend (shown below).
On March 29th, 2011, Redditor toastplease submitted a post expressing support for the Oxford comma to the /r/reddit.com subreddit. On January 22nd, 2012, Redditor Trayf submitted an image illustrating two depictions of a sentence about orange juice, toast and eggs to the /r/funny subreddit, where it received upwards of 2,000 votes (92% upvoted) prior to being archived.
On January 24th, the food blog EndlessSimmer highlighted several pro-Oxford comma image macros. On May 9th, 2013, the digital web agency Nebo published a blog post about misconceptions regarding the Oxford comma, which highlighted an image illustrating how the comma can make a sentence more ambiguous (shown below).
On July 11th, Redditor nayithemon submitted a comic illustrating a sentence about Abraham Lincoln, George Washington and a rhinoceros written with and without an Oxford comma (shown below, right). Prior to being archived, the post gathered more than 2,400 votes and 480 comments.
On January 15th, 2014, BuzzFeed posted a compilation of pro-Oxford comma images. On March 11th, Redditor Facetious_Otter submitted a post inviting a debate about the use of Oxford commas to the /r/changemyview subreddit, where the top-voted comment presented an example of ambiguity introduced by using an Oxford comma. On March 17th, the TED-Ed YouTube channel uploaded a video titled “Grammar’s great divide: The Oxford Comma” (shown below). On June 17th, the polling aggregation website FiveThirtyEight published an article regarding a poll about the comma’s usage among Americans, which found 57% prefer to use the Oxford comma.
Goth is a notable contemporary subculture associated with gothic rock, a subgenre of post-punk and alternative rock music characterized by dark themes in lyrics and musical composition, as well as its unique set of aesthetics inspired by morbidity, literary romanticism, religious symbolism or pagan mysticism.
Lolcow (portmanteau of internet acronym LOL and the word cow) is a derogatory slang referring to a person whose online behavior, especially when dealing with trolls, may be exploited to amuse onlookers, in a typical Schadenfreude way.
While it’s unclear if the slang was used online prior, one of the earliest mentions of the word “lolcow” was a definition submitted to Urban Dictionary by DreadSmile on April 15th 2007. There, DreadSmile said the slang described overly confident people engaging in online arguments against trolls and were too proud to quit. He also explained the terminology behind it as the victim was seen as a “cow” in which amusement (or “lolz”) could be milked out as long as they were coming back for more (entire post shown below).
A phenomena, usually observed on forums and/or imageboards. A person, most often someone who tries to look exceedingly knowledgeable in the topic discussed, is being flamed/trolled to the point where they can no longer present “sane” arguments that will “fit their level”, but yet are too proud to just quit.
This produces a considerable amount of lolz and win, for which the said person can be “milked” until they finally give up. Or drop dead. Hence the name.
/ | LOL ||
Between 2007 and 2011, five additional definitions were submitted to the site. As of April 2015, the most popular one with over 180 upvotes was made on December 16th 2007. That same year, the slang reached satirical wikiEncyclopedia Dramatica displaying a non-exhaustive list of potential “lolcow” personalities. On January 24th 2010, an entry for “lolcow” was registered to Wiktionary. On March 13th 2012, Force of Geek writer Jonathan Dantzler made an article about the phenomenon, titled The anatomy of a Lolcow, that analyzed the appeal found by trolls in the people they call “lolcows”, mentioning notable personalities such as Chris-Chan.
In 2014, a wiki-based encyclopedia was launched at lolcow.wiki, devoted as a primary source for referencing “various Internet phenomena, especially the antics of people”. A whole imageboard was created for the slang as well.
NOTE: This page needs a lot of work. Assistance is needed for various aspects of research, including origin, spread, sources, and other manners, since the apparent size of the ROM hacking industry and lack of apparent recorded history leaves it difficult for work. Also note that this is my first entry on the site, so forgive it if it is still very rough. Please feel free to request editorship, make suggestions, and correct me in the comments if necessary.
ROM hacking is the process of altering the data of a video game to varying levels. The extent of a hack can range from minor alterations of graphics, sound, or gameplay mechanics, to creating almost entirely new games based on a pre-existing engine. The term “ROM hack” is mainly attributed to fan-made works and usually does not encompass official works that meet similar guidelines. Though the exact origin of ROM hacking remains currently unknown, ROM hacks have become highly notable in recent years though their showcasing online by various Let’s Players, and ROM hacking currently remains a popular aspect of the video game subculture through their distribution on various websites such as Vizzed.com and Romhacking.net.
Types of ROM Hacks
ROM hacks are capable of taking a variety of shapes or forms. The smallest degree of ROM hacks are patches, which provide token modifications to a video game. These include altering the graphics (as seen in hacks such as Super Mario 64 Retro Edition, which replaces the game’s textures with tiles from Super Mario Bros.), modifying gameplay mechanics (such as a patch for EarthBound that enables the ability to run by pressing a button), and/or sound effects/music. A more common variety of ROM hacks extensively edit the design of a game to create a brand new one that still utilizes the original work’s basic elements. Most hacks of this kind are based on the 1990 Super Nintendo Entertainment System launch title Super Mario World, with a variety of programs created for the sole purpose of modifying this one game.
Though the term “ROM hacking” is almost unanimously applied to fan-made modifications of pre-existing titles, numerous video game companies have utilized this practice for some projects, usually due to a low budget. The most notable “official” ROM hack of a game is the 1986 Famicom Disk System game Super Mario Bros 2, known as Super Mario Bros: The Lost Levels in American re-releases. The game is simply a modification of the original Super Mario Bros. in the same vein of most fan-made ROM hacks, though officially set in the same continuity as the main Super Mario series and engineered for more experienced players.
Creating a ROM Hack
The process of creating a ROM hack entails the use of a variety of tools and programs. A prime element of it is the use of a hex editor, which allows one to alter a game’s text and data to their desire. Since it is uncommon for a game’s text to be stored in ASCII format, numerous programs have been created to allow it to be converted into such or any other form of optimal convenience. Hex editors are also utilized for altering the various gameplay properties of sprites and (in rare cases) redesigning entire levels.
Another common element in the hacking process entails the modification of the game’s graphics. This mainly encompasses the alteration of pre-existing tiles & textures or the creation of entirely new ones, with 3D games commonly necessitating the creation of new models for levels. Like ROM hacking itself, the process can range from trivial modifications (i.e. Afro Bros) to the inclusion of characters & objects from other titles (i.e. Brutal Mario) to complete thematic alterations (i.e. Moemon).
Other aspects of ROM hacking include palette editing, level editing (often with customized level editor programs), music alterations, ROM expansion (increasing the amount of memory a ROM can hold) and assembly hacking. The latter is a complicated but universal format that allows virtually all possible ROM modifications that can fit within technical boundaries.
Origin and Spread
Though the exact origins of ROM hacking is unknown, the earliest known hacks of pre-existing games can be dated back to 1981, with the release of the titles Ms. Pac Man and the relatively obscure Donkey Kong II: Jumpman Returns, respectively based on their pre-existing prequels. Since then, the practice of ROM hacking was used to easily create new games with a relatively low budget.
Meanwhile, the advent of fan-made ROM hacks still continues to remain unknown. However, what is clear is their recent rise to prominence. In 2007, three members of the Something Awful forums-- ProtonJon, Psychedelic Eyeball, and Wugga-- created a video playthrough of the Super Mario WorldROM hack Kaizo Mario World, a hack infamous for what is considered “platform hell” (intense difficulty brought along by cheap tricks and level designs meant to exploit obscure gameplay techniques or turn common ones into hazards). The popularity of the playthrough on YouTube motivated ProtonJon to perform several more blind runs (video playthroughs of game he hadn’t yet played) of Super Mario WorldROM hacks on the site, many emulating the platform hell formula of Kaizo Mario World. Because of the popularity of these playthroughs and the large surge in ROM hacking and its own popularity following the initial playthrough of Kaizo Mario World, ProtonJon is often credited with popularizing Super Mario WorldROM hacks, along with ROM hacks in general.
Due to the popularity of the original Kaizo Mario World playthroughs, numerous other people have since emulated the practice, with ROM hack playthroughs encompassing a whole genre of Let’s Playing. Furthermore, ROM hacks continue to be distributed online through numerous websites specifically designed to allow the downloading or playing of ROMs, oftentimes exclusively featuring ROM hacks.
Notable ROM Hacks
Aside from the infamous Super Mario World hack Kaizo Mario World and its sequels, other ROM hacks have risen to considerable levels of popularity. They are as follows:
The Unofficial MOTHER 3 Fan Translation
The Unofficial MOTHER 3 Fan Translation is another ROM hack of high notability and popularity, though not of the same extent of modification as the ones listed above. As the name implies, it alters the text of the Japan-only Game Boy Advance RPGMOTHER 3, translating it from Japanese to English. The hack was mainly developed by Clyde “Tomato” Mandelin and several other members of the Starmen.net forums in response to Nintendo of America’s refusal to localize MOTHER 3. The hack received widespread attention when it was first released, and its ongoing popularity among MOTHER fans has led the translation to be treated as official. The hack more or less popularized MOTHER 3 among Western audiences, and has repeatedly been the subject of Let’s Plays.
“Western Anime” is an umbrella term referring to multiple western show and movies that are often jokingly referred to as an anime. While some of them are western animation, many of them are live action series as well. While initially done with the DisneyCory in the House many other things began to be referenced under this, such as King of the Hill and Shrek among others.
The oldest know reference between western media being referred to a anime dates back to 2007 from a video initially uploaded by Youtube User TheSaltySaltySalt, with a video titled “TOP 27 ANIME BOOBS” featured an edited version of the Cory in the House theme song synced to the Mega Man 2 them of Crashman.
On January 20th, 2015 Tumblr user “the-doctors-dinobot” uploaded a picture of of misplaced King of the Hill DVDs in a location meant for anime Dubbed by the company Funimation. Within 4 months this post received over 17,500 notes 
Squad is an african american term used to refer to a group of close friends, normally that form part of a gang, it is commonly used in hip-hop culture, specially Trap Music and its associated with drug gangs.
In March 24, 2004, Urban Dictionary user Greenie submitted a definition for squad defining it as “an informal group of individuals with a common identity and a sense of solidarity”, the oldest instance of the term squad being used in hip hop dates back to the group “Trap Squad”(shown below).
in 2007, the Hip Hop Label “1017 Brick Squad Records” was founded by Atlanta rapper Gucci mane, Which is currently the most popular trap label associated with the term, as well as the subsidiary label “Brick Squad Monopoly” Founded by Atlanta rapper Waka Flocka Flame
on Oct 4, 2014, youtube user Casa Di uploaded a segment of the Donna Goudeau interview in which she claims she is innocent of driving a getaway car, at the end she shouts “Pimp Squad Baby for life”, the video has become viral with 9,428,764 views.
Squad Goals is a phrase used to represent a certain group or objective that another group is trying to imitate and reach, the images are normally taken from movies and tv shows and are used in an ironic way, its also paired with the phrase “squad looking fresh”, multiple sites have mae compilations with tweets related, including gurl and Buzzfeed, as well as a twitter account being made